The credit rating of the Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous Okrug (hereinafter, YaNAO or the Region) is based on its minimal debt load, high self-sufficiency and high liquidity of the budget, as well as high indicators of the regional economic development.
YaNAO is located in the Urals Federal District. The Region has the status of the Far North territory with more than half of its area lying beyond the Arctic Circle.
The Region's debt load corresponds to minimal risk. The debt to operating balance ratio will total nearly 22% by the end of 2019, interest expenses are insignificant, and there is no risk of refinancing. As of January 1, 2019, 77.1% of the Region’s debt portfolio was represented by bonds (RUB 12.98 bln), while the remaining 22.9% were issued state guarantees (RUB 3.86 bln). The bonds will mature up to 2024 inclusive. The Region has the ability to place temporarily free budget funds on deposit accounts. As of May 1, 2019, the Region’s account balances were 5.2 times higher than its aggregate debt and more than 6 times higher than the average monthly budget expenditures. The Region’s budget law for 2019 and the planned period of 2020-2021 does not suggest a deficit, meaning that the projected debt load will not increase.
High self-sufficiency and sufficient balance of the budget. YaNAO is an administrative subject of the Russian Federation, and is also a part of the Tyumen Region (ACRA rating — AAA(RU), outlook Stable). Government authorities of YaNAO, the Tyumen Region and KhMAO-Yugra (ACRA rating — AAA(RU), outlook Stable) concluded an agreement that particularly regulates regional social, infrastructure and investment programs for the benefit of all residents of the Tyumen Region (including YaNAO and KhMAO-Yugra). In accordance with the agreement, 29.5% of profit taxes collected in YaNAO and KhMAO-Yugra are consolidated in the budget of the Tyumen Region.
In 2016-2019, the average share of tax and non-tax revenues (TNTR) is estimated at 97% of the Region’s total (excluding subventions) revenues. The share of YaNAO’s capital expenditures will average 25%, which corresponds to a sufficient degree of budget balance, according to the ACRA methodology. The operating balance will average 39% of regular revenues, according to ACRA estimates.
In 2018, the Region’s budget was executed with a surplus of RUB 45 bln (23.4% of TNTR) due to a significant increase (46%) in income tax revenues on the back of high ruble prices for hydrocarbons. According to the budget law, TNTR will remain at the 2018 level in 2019, i.e. roughly RUB 190 bln. According to ACRA estimates, actual revenues are highly likely to exceed the planned level in 2019. As such, actual revenues amounted to RUB 90 bln for the four months of 2019, an increase of nearly 1.5 times compared with the same period last year.
The structure of the Region’s tax revenues is characterized by a high share of property tax revenues, which averaged 43% in 2015-2017. Property tax revenues are more resilient to market changes, therefore their growth contributes to the stability of budget revenues. Since 2018, however, the structure of the Region’s revenues is dominated by income tax revenues, which are more volatile and heavily dependent on market conditions. According to ACRA, the risks associated with a possible decrease in income tax revenues under unfavourable macroeconomic conditions, are compensated by a conservative policy that the Region pursues as far as the build-up of budget expenses is concerned, as well as by the formation of relevant reserves: as of May 1, 2019, the amount of the Region’s account balances was twice as high as that seen a year earlier.
The Region is a contributor to the federal budget, accounting for more than 80% of Russia’s natural gas output. The industrial structure of the gross regional product (GRP) is quite stable, and the contribution of natural resources to it consistently exceeds 50%. As of the end of 2017, YANAO ranked 2nd among Russian regions as far as the per capita GRP is concerned and 1st as far as the per capita cash income is concerned. The unemployment rate (according to the ILO methodology) in the Region is significantly lower than the national average.
YaNAO is one of the core contributors to the federal budget. In 2016-2018, an average of 83% of taxes and fees collected in the Region were allocated to the federal budget with just 17% transferred to the consolidated budget of the Region. In 2018, YaNAO’s contribution to the Russian budget from the mineral extraction tax (MET) amounted to 16% (2nd among Russian regions).
The Stable outlook assumes that the rating will most likely stay unchanged within the 12 to 18-month horizon.
A negative rating action may be prompted by:
YaNAO, 35004 (ISIN RU000A0ZYM47), maturity date — December 25, 2024, issue volume — RUB 5.5 bln. — ААА(RU).
YaNAO, 35003 (ISIN RU000A0ZYD55), maturity date — October 18, 2022, issue volume — RUB 1 bln. — ААА(RU).
YaNAO, 35002 (ISIN RU000A0JX0Z8), maturity date — December 6, 2023, issue volume — RUB 20 bln. — ААА(RU).
Credit rating rationale. In ACRA’s opinion, the below bonds issued by YaNAO are senior unsecured debt instruments, and their credit rating is equal to the rating assigned to YaNAO.
The credit ratings were assigned to YaNAO and bonds issued by YaNAO (ISIN RU000A0ZYM47, RU000A0ZYD55, RU000A0JX0Z8) under the national scale for the Russian Federation based on the Methodology for Credit Ratings Assignment to Regional and Municipal Authorities of the Russian Federation and the Key Concepts Used by the Analytical Credit Rating Agency Within the Scope of Its Rating Activities. The Methodology for Assigning Credit Ratings to Individual Issues of Financial Instruments under the National Scale of the Russian Federation was also applied to assign credit ratings to the above issues.
The credit ratings assigned to YaNAO and the bonds (ISIN RU000A0ZYM47, RU000A0ZYD55, RU000A0JX0Z8) issued by YaNAO were first published by ACRA on June 27, 2018. The credit ratings of YaNAO and its outlook as well as the credit ratings of its bond issues (ISIN RU000A0ZYM47, RU000A0ZYD55, RU000A0JX0Z8) are expected to be revised within 182 days following the publication date of this press release in accordance with the Calendar of planned sovereign credit rating revisions and publications.
The credit ratings were assigned based on data provided by YaNAO, information from publicly available sources (the RF Ministry of Finance, the Federal State Statistics Service, and the Federal Tax Service), as well as ACRA’s own databases. The credit ratings are solicited, and the Government of YaNAO participated in their assignment.
No material discrepancies between data provided and data officially disclosed by YaNAO in its financial report have been discovered.
ACRA provided no additional services to the Government of YaNAO. No conflicts of interest were discovered in the course of credit rating assignment.
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