ACRA Trainings on Credit Analysis

ACRA assigns ВВB-(RU) to PJSCB «DERZHAVA», outlook Stable

The credit rating assigned to PJSCB «DERZHAVA» (hereinafter, the Bank) is based on the Bank's medium business profile, adequate funding and liquidity and capital adequacy, and satisfactory risk profile. The Bank's creditworthiness is moderate compared to Russian peers.

The Bank is a small Moscow-based bank that focuses on bank guarantees, transactions in securities and, to a lesser extent, lending to small and medium-sized businesses and individuals. As of November 01, 2017, the Bank ranked 120th in terms of capital and 180th in terms of assets on the Russian banking sector.

The controlling beneficiary shareholder of the Bank is S. Ents (about 83% shares); the remaining shares belong to V. Polyakov.

Key rating assessment factors

Satisfactory business profile assessment reflects a low share of the Bank in the Russian banking market amid its strong positions in the bank guarantees segment. The Bank ranks second in terms of quantity and fifth in terms of volume of guarantees issued under 44-FZ in 11M2017.

The business profile assessment takes into account the operating income moderately diversified by source. The sources include mainly commission fee for issuance of bank guarantees and interest income from debt securities. At the same time, the operating income may be susceptible to the risk of changing regulatory requirements.

The Bank's ownership structure is clear up to its ultimate beneficiaries. ACRA has no negative information about such beneficiaries.

Adequate capital adequacy buffer. As of November 01, 2017, the Bank's capital adequacy ratios were acceptable (N1.1 = 9.08%, N1.2 = 9.08%, N1.0 = 11.3%). Taking into account the RUB 400 million indefinite subordinated deposit placed by the shareholders of the Bank and the decreasing portfolio of guarantees issued (due to the seasonal factor), ACRA expects that the N1.2 CAR will be maintained not lower than 8.0% in the next 12 months.

The current level of capital adequacy allows the Bank to sustain the increase in the risk cost by more than 350 bps without violating the regulatory standards.

The Bank's own capacity to generate capital is estimated by ACRA as satisfactory (the averaged capital generation ratio (ACGR) amounted to 144 bps for 2013–2017). According to ACRA estimates, the net interest margin (NIM) and the cost to income (CTI) were 5.7% and 32.8%, respectively, in 9M2017.

Satisfactory risk profile assessment. The loan portfolio is about 20% of the total assets of the Bank, with a high proportion of non-performing loans (30.2% as of September 30, 2017, of which 11.9% of NPL90+), which exceeds the average market level for comparable banks. The problem loans are 80% covered with reserves.

At the same time, a significant portion of credit risk accepted by the Bank falls on guarantees issued (about eight-fold capital of the Bank). The quality of the largest principals is assessed as high. The Bank has developed a multifactor scoring system for potential principals (the system includes a significant part of the key risk indicators for corporates). The quality of management of the main risks is assessed as satisfactory in comparison with peers.

The Bank's portfolio of securities includes bonds issued by high credit quality issuers. The market risk accepted by the Bank is considered by ACRA as moderate.

Adequate funding and liquidity assessment. As of October 01, 2017, the short-term liquidity shortage indicator (STLSI) was positive both in the base case and in the stress scenario of ACRA. The long-term liquidity shortage indicator (LTLSI) was 168.7%. At the same time, there is an increased concentration on the funds of the largest lenders (as of October 01, 2017, the shares of the largest lender / top 10 largest lenders were 17.8% and 49.2% of liabilities, respectively).

Key assumptions

  • Current business model of the Bank to remain unchanged in the next 12–18 months;
  • The credit risk cost of 2.5-3%;
  • N1.2 ratio exceeding 8% in the next 12–18 months;
  • Current funding profile to remain unchanged.

Potential outlook or rating change factors

The Stable outlook assumes that the rating will most likely stay unchanged within the 12 to 18-month horizon.

A positive rating action may be prompted by:

  • A substantial decrease in the non-performing loans;
  • A lower concentration on the top 10 borrowers;
  • A lower concentration on the top 10 lenders.

A negative rating action may be prompted by:

  • Lower capital adequacy ratios amid higher risk costs;
  • Deteriorating loan portfolio quality;
  • Growing market risk accepted by the Bank.

Rating components

Standalone creditworthiness assessment (SCA): bbb-.

Adjustments: none.

Support: none.

Issue ratings

No outstanding issues have been rated.

Regulatory disclosure

The credit rating has been assigned under the national scale for the Russian Federation based on the Methodology for Credit Ratings Assignment to Banks and Bank Groups under the National Scale for the Russian Federation, and the Key Concepts Used by Analytical Credit Rating Agency within the Scope of Its Rating Activities.

The credit rating has been assigned to PJSCB «DERZHAVA» for the first time. The credit rating and its outlook are expected to be revised within one year following the rating action date (December 28, 2017).

Disclosure of deviations from ACRA methodologies. As the share of the loan portfolio in the total assets of the Bank is insignificant (about 20%) and the coverage of problem loans with reserves is high, the risk profile was assessed in accordance with Par, 4.4.2.3 of the Methodology for Credit Ratings Assignment to Banks and Bank Groups under the National Scale for the Russian Federation. The credit rating was assigned based on the data provided by PJSCB «DERZHAVA», information from publicly available sources, as well as ACRA’s own databases. The rating analysis was performed using the IFRS statements of PJSCB «DERZHAVA» and the financial statements of PJSCB «DERZHAVA» drawn up in compliance with the Bank of Russia’s Ordinance No. 4212-U of November 24, 2016. The credit rating is solicited, and PJSCB «DERZHAVA» participated in its assignment.

No material discrepancies between the provided information and the data officially disclosed by PJSCB «DERZHAVA» in its financial statements have been discovered.

ACRA provided no additional services to PJSCB «DERZHAVA». No conflicts of interest were discovered in the course of credit rating assignment.

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